Subsequent research using lung cells produced from embryonic stem cells show to be very promising in repairing cells damaged by acute lung injury in mice. Moreover, these lines possess not been grown on mouse feeder layers and may be used for clinical applications. Adult stem cell research A previous president of the International Society for Stem Cell Research and current IMM professor, Paul J. Simmons, Ph.D. Has performed pioneering studies with two populations of stem cells within bone marrow. The first population is certainly termed mesenchymal stem cells , a type of adult stem cell that may develop into bone, cartilage and excess fat tissue.This finding underscores the need for folic acid supplementation for all women of childbearing age to prevent neural tube defects. Researchers in Ireland and america recognized the genetic make-up of 395 people born with neural tube defects and 848 settings. The TT form of the gene in charge of processing folate is connected with an increased risk of neural tube defects, however the team attempt to investigate the chance that the CT form would can also increase the risk of these malformations. Both genotypes are associated with lower cells concentrations of folate, higher levels of homocysteine , and lower enzyme activity than the crazy CC genotype.